At the time of rain:
اللَّهُمَّ صَيِّبَاً نَافِعَا
Allaahumma Sayyibann Naafi’aa
“O Allaah, (bring) beneficial rain clouds.”
(Bukhari – Fathul-Bari 2/518)
After it has rained:
مُطِرْنَا بِفَضْلِ اللهِ وَ رَحْمَتِهِ
Mutirnaa bifaDlillaahi wa rahmatihi
“It has rained by the bounty of Allaah and His Mercy”
(Bukhari 1/205, Muslim 1/83)
At the time of thunder:
سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي يُسَبِّحُ الرَّعْدُ بِحَمْدِهِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةٌ مِنْ خِيفَتِهِ
SubHanalladhii yusabbiHur ra’du bi hamdihi wal malaa-ikatu min kheefatihi
“Glory is to Him Whom thunder and angels glorify due to fear of Him.”
[Whenever Abdullaah bin Zubair radhiyaAllaahu anhu would hear thunder, he would abandon all conversation and say this supplication. See al Muwatta 2/992.
It was graded authentic by Al-Albani as a statement of Abdullaah bin Zubair only.]
It is now common knowledge, as scientists teach, that THUNDER is a sound caused by the impact between electrical charges found in the clouds. Yet Muhammad had a different opinion on this matter. He claimed that thunder and the lightning are two of Allah’s angels
“This massive clear air bolt (cloud-to-ground lightning bolt) hit about 200-250m away from our location. Here in Darwin, Australia these bolts can leap 15-20km away from the main storm striking a dry area surrounding the storm. You don’t see me in the frame for good reason as I was in my car!”
When you see a rainbow…it is after rain. The sun is always behind you and the rain in front of you when a rainbow appears, so the center of the rainbow’s arc is directly opposite the sun.
Most people think…the only colors of a rainbow are red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet, but a rainbow is actually made up of an entire continuum of colors—even colors the eye can’t see!
We are able to see the colors of a rainbow because…light of different colors is refracted when it travels from one medium, such as air, and into another- -in this case, the water of the raindrops. When all the colors that make up sunlight are combined, they look white, but once they are refracted, the colors break up into the ones we see in a rainbow.
Every person…sees their own “personal” rainbow. When you look at one, you are seeing the light bounced off of certain raindrops, but when the person standing next to you looks at the same rainbow, they may see the light reflecting off other raindrops from a completely different angle. In addition, everyone sees colors differently according to light and how their eyes interpret it.
You can never…actually reach the end of a rainbow, where a pot of gold supposedly awaits. As you move, the rainbow that your eyes see moves as well, because the raindrops are at different spots in the atmosphere. The rainbow, then, will always “move away” at the same rate that you are moving.
Giant Ice Bombs
Getting caught in the rain is not a fun thing because you end up wet. However, getting caught in a hailstorm can seriously injure you if the hailstones are big. Exceptionally big hailstones are called ice bombs. One such ice bomb weighted 80 pounds!
While thunderstorms are usually connected in our minds with warm climates or at least summer, there is such weather phenomenon as “thundersnow.” This storm takes place in late winter or early spring because that is when warm mass of air is topped with cold one. However, there is another important ingredient that distinguishes between a usual thunderstorm and a thundersnow. While the air below should be warmer than the air above it, the air below also has to be cold enough for snow to form.
Liquids have amazing qualities, one of them is being a balancing force. Gravity waves are waves generated in the fluid medium in order to restore the force of gravity or buoyancy. For example, if the water has been “deformed” by an object that fell into it, it is gravity wave’s responsibility to restore calm on the surface. However, because the clouds also consist of fluids, this kind of waves can also appear in the sky.
Diamond dust is a type of a fog, a ground-level cloud. When it gets extremely cold, the fog contents become ice droplets. Most often this phenomenon is observed in Arctic and Antarctica.
The phenomenon called Katabatic Winds (from the Greek “katabaino” which means “to go down”) is a kind of wind created due to differences in air pressure. High elevations, for example in Greenland, California, or fjords or Norway, create such inconsistencies in pressure. The speed of this type of wind can reach up to 13 feet per second.
This type of clouds forms in sinking air, while most clouds usually form in rising air. For a mammatus to form, the sinking air must be cooler than the air around it and have a lot of liquid water or ice inside. The cloud sinks with the air, and the result resembles cow udders.
More Than One Sun (Illusion)
Even on a clear, sunny day, there are weather phenomena waiting for us. If the Sun is low and cirrus clouds are high in the sky, sometimes you can see three suns shining in the sky. These two additional suns are an optical illusion created by refracted sunlight.