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Take Care of Your Thoughts when you are Alone, Take Care of Your Words when you are with People

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Gazans take shelter in UN-run schools (Video)

info-pictogram1 Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians are still sheltering in UN-run schools in the Gaza strip. Many of those forced to find refuge have nowhere to go, as their homes have been destroyed. The academic year was scheduled to begin in a week, but that has now been delayed. Al Jazeera’s Jane Ferguson reports from the Gaza Strip.

Want better exam results? Take notes on paper NOT a laptop!

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By: Elliot Davies

Sourcehttp://www.independent.co.uk/

Students who write notes by hand during lectures perform better on exams than those who use laptops, according to a new study – even when the computers are disconnected from the Internet to avoid distractions.

In fact not only do handwritten notes appear to help students better understand lectures right away, but they may also lead to superior revision in the future.

Students are increasingly using laptops for note-taking because of the speed and legibility they confer. But research into how note-taking affects students’ academic performance has found that laptop users are less able to remember and apply the concepts they have been taught, despite making more notes than students who write by hand.

The study was carried out by Daniel Oppenheimer, an associate professor of psychology at the University of California, and Pam Mueller, a psychology graduate student at Princeton University. They performed a series of experiments that aimed to find out whether using a laptop increased the tendency to make notes “mindlessly” by transcribing word for word.

In the first test, students were given either a laptop (disconnected from the Internet) or pen and paper. They all listened to the same lectures and were told to use their usual note-taking strategy. 30 minutes after the end of the talk, they were examined on their ability to recall facts and on how well they understood concepts.

The researchers found that laptop users took nearly twice as many notes as those who wrote by hand, which can be useful. However, the typists performed considerably worse at remembering and applying the concepts they had been taught. Both groups scored similarly when it came to memorizing facts.

The researchers’ report said: “While more notes are beneficial, at least to a point, if the notes are taken indiscriminately or by mindlessly transcribing content, as is more likely the case on a laptop, the benefit disappears.

“Verbatim note-taking, as opposed to more selective strategies, signals less encoding of content.”

In another experiment aimed at testing long-term recall, students took notes as before but were tested a week after the lecture, with a chance to revise beforehand. This time, the students who wrote notes by hand performed significantly better at both parts of the exam – even though some of the faster typists had managed to transcribe most of the lecture verbatim.

Taken together these two studies suggest that handwritten notes are not only better for immediate learning and understanding, but that they also help embed information for future reference.

In a final test, the researchers specifically told some of the laptop users not to take verbatim notes. The students were told that “people who take class notes on laptops when they expect to be tested on the material later tend to transcribe what they’re hearing without thinking about it much”.

But despite being explicitly aware of the potential pitfalls, members of this group still got lower scores in both parts of the exam, suggesting that taking notes by hand really is a superior technique.

The findings will be published in a paper called “The Pen Is Mightier Than the Keyboard: Advantages of Longhand Over Laptop Note-Taking” in the Psychological Science journal.

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You are the master of your own destiny, it is those who do not take command of their lives, who sink in stormy waters.

gb copy You are the master of your own destiny, it is those who do not take command of their lives, who sink in stormy waters.
es copy Usted es el amo de su propio destino, son aquellos que no toman el mando de sus vidas, que se hunden en las aguas tormentosas.
nl copy Jij bent de meester van je eigen lot, het is zij die geen commando gebruik te maken van hun leven, die zinken in stormachtige wateren.
fr copy Vous êtes le maître de votre propre destin, ce sont ceux qui ne prennent pas le commandement de leur vie, qui plongent dans les eaux tumultueuses.
de copy Du bist der Meister Ihres eigenen Schicksals, ist es die, die nicht teilnehmen Befehl ihres Lebens, der in stürmischen Gewässern versenken.
CN67867 Nǐ shì nǐ zìjǐ mìngyùn de zhǔrén, tā shì nàxiē shuí bù ná zìjǐ de shēngmìng, shuí zài xiōngyǒng de bōtāo zhōng chénmò de mìnglìng.
Sweden Du är befälhavaren på ditt eget öde, är det de som inte tar kommandot över sina liv, som sjunker i stormiga vatten.
rus7897 Ty khozyain svoyey sud’by , eto te, kto ne prinimayet komandu iz svoyey zhizni , kotoryye tonut v burnykh vodakh.
4523turkey Kendi kaderinin efendisi vardır, o fırtınalı sularda lavabo hayatlarını, komut almak istemeyenler olduğunu.
images Tu sei il padrone del tuo destino, è quelli che non prendono il comando delle loro vite, che affondano in acque tempestose.
indonesiaID Anda adalah penguasa nasib Anda sendiri, itu adalah mereka yang tidak mengambil alih komando dari kehidupan mereka, yang tenggelam di perairan badai.

Learn to think for yourself, for your destiny cannot be found unless you follow your own thoughts to wherever they take you.

gb copy Learn to think for yourself, for your destiny cannot be found unless you follow your own thoughts to wherever they take you.
es copy Aprender a pensar por sí mismo, para su destino no se puede encontrar a menos que siga sus propios pensamientos a donde te llevan.
nl copy Leren denken voor jezelf, voor je lot kan niet worden gevonden, tenzij je volgt je eigen gedachten naar waar ze nemen u mee.
fr copy Apprendre à penser par vous-même, pour votre destin ne peut être trouvée si vous suivez vos propres pensées à l’endroit où ils vous emmènent.
de copy Erfahren Sie, für sich selbst zu denken, denn Ihr Schicksal kann nicht gefunden werden, wenn Sie Ihre eigenen Gedanken zu folgen, um überall dort, wo sie mitnehmen.
CN67867 Xuéhuì dúlì sīkǎo, duì nǐ de mìngyùn bùnéng, chúfēi nǐ ànzhào nǐ zìjǐ de xiǎngfǎ dào nǎlǐ, tāmen bǎ nǐ zhǎodào.
Sweden Lär dig att tänka själv, för ditt öde kan inte hittas om du följer dina egna tankar till var de än tar dig.
rus7897 Nauchites’ dumat’ dlya sebya, dlya svoyey sud’by ne mogut byt’ naydeny , yesli vy ne vypolnite svoi sobstvennyye mysli tuda, gde oni u vas.
4523turkey Onlar sizi her yerde kendi düşüncelerini takip sürece kendiniz için düşünmeyi öğrenmek, sizin kaderiniz için bulunamıyor.
images Imparare a pensare per te, per il tuo destino non può essere trovato a meno di seguire i propri pensieri ovunque ti prendono.
indonesiaID Belajarlah untuk berpikir untuk diri sendiri, untuk nasib Anda tidak dapat ditemukan kecuali Anda mengikuti pikiran Anda sendiri ke mana pun mereka membawa Anda.

Those that give from the heart become beautiful, whereas those that just take & take become ugly through selfish greed.

gb copy Those that give from the heart become beautiful, whereas those that just take & take become ugly through selfish greed.
es copy Aquellos que dan desde el corazón convertido en hermosa, mientras que las que acaba de tomar y tomar convierta feo través de la codicia egoísta.
nl copy Degenen die geven vanuit het hart mooi geworden, terwijl die dat gewoon en neem geworden lelijk door egoïstische hebzucht.
fr copy Ceux qui donnent du coeur devenir belle, alors que ceux qui tout simplement prendre et prendre devenir laid par la cupidité égoïste.
de copy Diejenigen, die aus dem Herzen schön geworden geben, wohingegen diejenigen, die nur nehmen und nehmen werden durch selbstsüchtige Gier hässlich.
CN67867 Nàxiē cóng xīnzàng biàn piàoliang gěi chū, ér nàxiē zhǐ qǔ&cǎiqǔ tōngguò zìsī tānlán biàn de chǒulòu.
Sweden De som ger från hjärtat blir vackra, medan de som bara tar och tar bli ful genom själviska girighet.
rus7897 Te, kotoryye dayut ot serdtsa stat’ krasivoy , togda kak te , chto prosto vzyat’ i prinyat’ stanovyatsya urodlivymi cherez egoistichnoy zhadnosti.
4523turkey Güzel olmak kalpten vermek olanlar, sadece almak ve bencil hırs sayesinde çirkin haline aldığını oysa o.
images Quelli che danno il cuore diventare bella, mentre quelli che basta prendere e prendere diventa brutto con avidità egoista.
indonesiaID Mereka yang memberi dari hati menjadi indah, sedangkan orang-orang yang hanya mengambil & mengambil menjadi jelek melalui keserakahan egois.