The Great Mosque of Cordoba was originally built in the 750s by the first Umayyad emir of al-Andalus, Abd al-Rahman I. It was enlarged as time went on to serve the growing Muslim community of Spain. In 1236, Christian Castile conquered Cordoba and converted the mosque into a cathedral. It has been used as a cathedral since, but its history as a Muslim place of worship remains evident.
By: Barak Ravid
The Spanish government decided to temporarily freeze arms and military technology exports to Israel over the offensive in the Gaza Strip, the Spanish daily El Pais reported on Monday.
The old poem that most American school children recognize begins “In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue…” Indeed, in the year 1492, Christopher Columbus (whose real name in Italian was Cristoforo Colombo) sailed across the Atlantic in the name of the Spanish crown and landed in the Caribbean part of North America. For hundreds of years, it has simply been accepted that Columbus was the first explorer to valiantly sail across the sea and “discover” the Americas. However, this theory no longer stands up to modern scholarship.
Snowflake (c. 1964 – November 24, 2003) was an albino gorilla. He was the only known albino gorilla so far, and the most popular resident of the Barcelona Zoo in Catalonia, Spain. He weighs 400 lbs. In 2011, Snowflake was featured on the Guinness World Records 2012 as a new record entry named “Rarest Gorilla”. The book also mentions that unlike other animals that suffer from albinism, Snowflake has blue eyes suggesting that he was a chinchilla albino, caused by the recessive gene mutant gene also found on white tigers.
The Andalusian city of Seville fell to Christian Castile in 1248, after over 500 years of being a Muslim city. Abu al-Baqa’ al-Rundi was a contemporary Andalusian poet from the city of Ronda, in southern Iberia, who wrote a lament about the fall of the once great city in 1267. He alluded to ancient Arabian and Persian history in his poem, hoping to inspire Muslims to rise up and recapture the city. The English translation by James T. Monroe is below, followed by the original Arabic.
My name is Soufyan Bouharat and here is some photo material of my last summer vacation in Morocco. “2014
Morocco has been the home of the Berbers since the second millennium B.C. In A.D. 46, Morocco was annexed by Rome as part of the province of Mauritania until the Vandals overran this portion of the declining empire in the 5th century. The Arabs invaded circa 685, bringing Islam. The Berbers joined them in invading Spain in 711, but then they revolted against the Arabs, resenting their secondary status. In 1086, Berbers took control of large areas of Moorish Spain until they were expelled in the 13th century. The land was rarely unified and was usually ruled by small tribal states. Conflicts between Berbers and Arabs were chronic. Portugal and Spain began invading Morocco, which helped to unify the land in defense. In 1660, Morocco came under the control of the Alawite dynasty. It is a sherif dynasty—descended from the prophet Muhammad—and rules Morocco to this day.
- Tetouan, Morocco was founded in the third century BC.
- Around the year 1305, King Abu Thabit of the Marinids built Titawin. This city was originally built as a base for attacks on Ceuta.
- Around 1400 it was destroyed by the Castilians, because pirates used it for their attacks.
- By the end of the 15th century, refugees from the Reconquista rebuilt the city and filled it with houses.
- Tetouan stands on a very rocky plateau.
- The Mediterranean and mountains are both by this city which makes for a beautiful picture.
- The main attraction in Tetouan is its medina, or old city.
- Eight of this cities original gates are still standing today.
- Tetouan has very good tasting food.
- Many carpet shops can be found in this city.
- Spices are a popular item for tourists in Tetouan.
- Tetouan houses a big mosque with an elaborate entrance.
- Tetouan is 40 kilometers south of The Straight Of Gibraltar.
- Tetouan is nearby to a belt of orchards containing oranges, almonds, pomegranates, and cypress.
Every problem has a solution, deep at the root lies your answer, if you look closer you will see.
Cada problema tiene una solución, en el fondo se encuentra en la raíz de su respuesta, si usted mira más cerca usted verá.
Elk probleem heeft een oplossing, diep aan de wortel ligt je antwoord, als je beter kijkt kun je het zien.
Chaque problème a une solution, profonde à l’origine se trouve votre réponse, si vous regardez de plus près vous verrez.
Jedes Problem hat eine Lösung, tief an der Wurzel liegt die Antwort, wenn man genauer hinschaut, wird sehen.
People nowadays tend to only befriend you if they can use you for their own benefit.
La gente hoy en día lo único agradarte si pueden usarte para su propio beneficio.
Mensen tegenwoordig geven alleen om je vriendschap als ze je kunnen gebruiken voor hun eigen voordeel.
Les gens ont tendance aujourd’hui à vous lier d’amitié avec seulement s’ils peuvent vous utiliser pour leur propre bénéfice.
Die Menschen von heute sind in der Regel nur anfreunden, wenn sie dich zu ihrem eigenen Vorteil nutzen können.