By: Muhammad al-Jibaly
“And that the human being can have nothing but what he has earned (good or bad).” [Al-Qur’an 53:39]
Commenting on this ayah Ibn Kathir, rahimahullah, said, “Imam ash-Shafi’i concluded from this ayah that reciting the Qur’an does not benefit the dead, because it is not from their doing and earning. For this reason, Allah’s Messenger, upon whom be peace, did not recommend it to his ummah, encourage them to do it, or guide them to it with a text or a hint. Nor was such a thing reported from any of the sahabah. Had this been any good, they would have preceeded us in doing it. Matters of worship must be limited to the texts, and are not liable to modifications based on analogies and opinions.” [Tafsir Qur’an il-‘Adhim] It is in general true that one cannot benefit from other people’s deeds after his death. But this has important exceptions detailed in this chapter.
When the Muslims pray janazah for their deceased brother, they are granted intercession for him. The more the number of Muslims who join in the prayer, the more beneficial it is for the deceased.
This means that Allah takes their testimony and supplication regarding the deceased’s apparent actions as a sufficient reason for forgiveness. Since those Muslims who associated with him did not find any major problem to prevent them from supplicating for him Allah, the Most Generous, accepts that and agrees to forgive many of his hidden sins that they did not know. Anas and A’ishah,rahimahullah, reported that Allah’s Messenger, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said, “Whenever a (Muslim) person dies, and a group of Muslims numbering one hundred pray janazah for him, all interceding on his behalf, their intercession is granted (by Allah) and he is forgiven.” [Muslim and others]
Ibn ‘Abbas, rahimahullah, reported that Allah’s Messenger, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said, “Whenever a Muslim man dies, and forty men stand for his janazah prayer, all of them not joining anything with Allah in worship, Allah grants them intercession for him.” [Muslim and others]
By: Abdullah Hakim Quick
As we pass through the blessed days of Dhul Hijjah, Muslims need to hold on to the life giving practices of Islam. Our Prayers, Fasting, Sadaqah (charity) and Hajj are blessings directly from Almighty Allah to each one of us! We have to believe that no matter what evil is done to us, no matter what insult is hurled at us, no matter what slander is made against the name of Islam, Allah has power over all things and has made for each manifestation in creation, a limit! We must believe that our children and our faith will survive, Insha Allah!!! They will find a way out (Makhraj) of the darkness into light!!!”