Fourth Episode Of #InspirationSeries IS HERE!
IBN and Easy Production
“Power Without Piety”
Ft. Omar Suleiman and Mohammed Zeyara
By: Elliot Davies
Students who write notes by hand during lectures perform better on exams than those who use laptops, according to a new study – even when the computers are disconnected from the Internet to avoid distractions.
In fact not only do handwritten notes appear to help students better understand lectures right away, but they may also lead to superior revision in the future.
Students are increasingly using laptops for note-taking because of the speed and legibility they confer. But research into how note-taking affects students’ academic performance has found that laptop users are less able to remember and apply the concepts they have been taught, despite making more notes than students who write by hand.
The study was carried out by Daniel Oppenheimer, an associate professor of psychology at the University of California, and Pam Mueller, a psychology graduate student at Princeton University. They performed a series of experiments that aimed to find out whether using a laptop increased the tendency to make notes “mindlessly” by transcribing word for word.
In the first test, students were given either a laptop (disconnected from the Internet) or pen and paper. They all listened to the same lectures and were told to use their usual note-taking strategy. 30 minutes after the end of the talk, they were examined on their ability to recall facts and on how well they understood concepts.
The researchers found that laptop users took nearly twice as many notes as those who wrote by hand, which can be useful. However, the typists performed considerably worse at remembering and applying the concepts they had been taught. Both groups scored similarly when it came to memorizing facts.
The researchers’ report said: “While more notes are beneficial, at least to a point, if the notes are taken indiscriminately or by mindlessly transcribing content, as is more likely the case on a laptop, the benefit disappears.
“Verbatim note-taking, as opposed to more selective strategies, signals less encoding of content.”
In another experiment aimed at testing long-term recall, students took notes as before but were tested a week after the lecture, with a chance to revise beforehand. This time, the students who wrote notes by hand performed significantly better at both parts of the exam – even though some of the faster typists had managed to transcribe most of the lecture verbatim.
Taken together these two studies suggest that handwritten notes are not only better for immediate learning and understanding, but that they also help embed information for future reference.
In a final test, the researchers specifically told some of the laptop users not to take verbatim notes. The students were told that “people who take class notes on laptops when they expect to be tested on the material later tend to transcribe what they’re hearing without thinking about it much”.
But despite being explicitly aware of the potential pitfalls, members of this group still got lower scores in both parts of the exam, suggesting that taking notes by hand really is a superior technique.
The findings will be published in a paper called “The Pen Is Mightier Than the Keyboard: Advantages of Longhand Over Laptop Note-Taking” in the Psychological Science journal.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
When one feels the need to yawn, he should try to suppress it, for it is from the Shaitaan (the Devil). Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) that the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said:
… اما التثاؤب فانما هو من الشيطان …
“… as for yawning, then it is from the Shaytaan only …“[al-Bukharee 2626]
An-Nawawee said, “Yawning usually occurs when the body is heavy, full, relaxed, and inclined towards laziness. It is ascribed to the Shaitaan because he is the one who invites people to follow lusts. [Another] intended meaning here is a warning against doing that act which results in yawning: eating too much and too frequently.”
As for suppressing a yawn, doing so is recommended, Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said,
التثاؤب من الشيطان فإذا تثاءب أحدكم فليرده ما استطاع ، فإن أحدكم إذا تثاءب ضحك الشيطان
“Yawning is from the Shaitaan (the Devil), so if one of you yawns, then let him hold it back as much as he can; for indeed, when one of you says, “Haa (in the act of yawning), the Shaitaan laughs.”
Ahmad related it with this working: “Then let him hold it back as much as he can, and let him not say, “Ahh Ahh,’ for indeed,k when one of you opens his mouth, the Shaitaan laughs at him [laughs] because of him.” [Related by Bukhaaree(3289), Muslim (2994), Ahmad (9246), At-Tirmidhee (370), and Abu Dawood (5028)]
Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudree (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said,
إذا تثاءب أحدكم فليمسك بيده على فيه. فإن الشيطان يدخل
“When one of you yawns, then let him hold his hand over his mouth, for indeed, the Shaitaan [otherwise] enters.”
Ahmad related the Hadeeth thus: “When one of you yawns during prayer, then let him place his hands over his mouth, for verily, the Shaitaan enters with a yawn.” [Related by Muslim(2995), Ahmad (10930), Abu Daawood (5026), and Ad-Daarimee (1382)]
One can suppress a yawn by controlling one’s mouth, making an effort not to allow it to open; by putting pressure on one’s lip with one’s teeth; by placing one’s hand or garment over one’s mouth; or by doing something similar to achieve the same effect.
Related Issue:Some people report to seeking refuge from the Shaitaan (the Devil) when they yawn; this practice is wrong from two angles: first, a person who does so has innovated by introducing the saying of an invocation which the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) did not legislate it for that occasion). Second, he forsakes a Sunnah practice that the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) commanded every Muslim to perform upon yawning; that practice is to suppress the yawn as much as one can, with one’s garment or hand, or through the use of any other means.
Source: The Book of Manners P. 421-423
Be like the flower that gives its fragrance to the hand that crushes it.
Sé como la flor que da su fragancia a la mano que lo aplasta.
Wees als een bloem die haar geur geeft aan de hand die haar verplettert.
Soyez comme la fleur qui donne son parfum à la main qui l’écrase.
Seien Sie wie die Blume, die ihren Duft an die Hand, die es gibt zermalmt.
Xiàng huā, gěi chū tā de xiāngwèi dào fěnsuì tā de shǒu.
Var som blomman som ger sin doft till den hand som krossar det.
Bud’te kak tsvetok , kotoryy dayet svoy aromat na ruku , chto sokrushayet yego.
Eziyor yandan onun koku veren çiçek gibi ol.
Siate come il fiore che dà il profumo alla mano che schiaccia.
Jadilah seperti bunga yang memberikan aroma untuk tangan yang menghancurkan itu.
By being calm when speaking to those who are yelling, you easily gain the upper hand.
Al ser la calma al hablar con los que están gritando, se gana fácilmente la ventaja.
Door kalm tijdens het spreken aan degenen die schreeuwen, u makkelijk de overhand krijgen.
En étant calme en parlant de ceux qui criaient, vous gagnez facilement le dessus.
Durch die Ruhe, wenn man mit denen, die schreien werden, können Sie leicht die Oberhand gewinnen.
Tōngguò jiǎng nàxiē shuí shì dà hū xiǎo jiào de shíhou fēicháng píngjìng, nín kěyǐ qīngsōng de zhànjùle shàng fēng.
Genom att vara lugn när man talar till dem som skriker, du enkelt få övertaget.
Buduchi spokoynym, kogda govoril s tem, kto krichit , vy legko oderzhat’ verkh.
Bağırıyor olanların konuşurken sakin olmak, kolayca üstünlük kazanırlar.
Essendo la calma quando si parla a coloro che sono urlando, si guadagna facilmente il sopravvento.
Dengan menjadi tenang ketika berbicara dengan orang-orang yang berteriak, Anda dengan mudah menang.