Although Christians and Jews lived under restrictions, for much of the time the three groups managed to get along together, and to some extent, to benefit from the presence of each other.
It brought a degree of civilisation to Europe that matched the heights of the Roman Empire and the Italian Renaissance.
The Great Mosque of Cordoba was originally built in the 750s by the first Umayyad emir of al-Andalus, Abd al-Rahman I. It was enlarged as time went on to serve the growing Muslim community of Spain. In 1236, Christian Castile conquered Cordoba and converted the mosque into a cathedral. It has been used as a cathedral since, but its history as a Muslim place of worship remains evident.