Many believe that conscious awareness originates in the brain alone. Recent scientific research suggests that consciousness actually emerges from the brain and body acting together. A growing body of evidence suggests that the heart plays a particularly significant role in this process.
Far more than a simple pump, as was once believed, the heart is now recognized by scientists as a highly complex system with its own functional “brain.”
Research in the new discipline of neurocardiology shows that the heart is a sensory organ and a sophisticated center for receiving and processing information. The nervous system within the heart (or “heart brain”) enables it to learn, remember, and make functional decisions independent of the brain’s cerebral cortex. Moreover, numerous experiments have demonstrated that the signals the heart continuously sends to the brain influence the function of higher brain centers involved in perception, cognition, and emotional processing.
RAMALLAH (Ma’an) — Israeli forces shot and killed a Palestinian man in al-Amari refugee camp near Ramallah overnight, locals told Ma’an.
Locals said 22-year-old Issa Khaled al-Qatri was shot by Israeli troops in the chest around 5:00 a.m. and taken by car to Ramallah medical complex where medics pronounced him dead.
tires during clashes with Israeli soldiers following a demonstration on
April 25, 2014 in the village of Kfar Qaddum, near Nablus, in the occupied
West Bank (AFP/File Jaafar Ashtiyeh)
HEBRON (Ma’an) — Israeli forces shot and seriously injured a Palestinian child during clashes near Hebron on Sunday, medics said.
Hazim al-Shalalda, the directer of al-Mizan hospital, told Ma’an that 11-year-old Moheyeddin Salah Idriss was shot in the chest with a live bullet during the clashes.
The boy is currently in a coma and undergoing a complex medical procedure, al-Shalalda said.
Moheyeddin was shot during clashes near Kiryat Arba settlement east of Hebron, where protesters threw rocks and Israeli soldiers fired live bullets and tear gas at Palestinians.
An Israeli army spokeswoman said she was looking into the incident.
One of the most jarring and important events of recent Islamic history has been the Arab-Israeli Conflict. This conflict is multifaceted, complex, and is still one of the world’s most problematic issues in international relations. One aspect of this conflict is the refugee problem that began in 1948, with the creation of the State of Israel. Over 700,000 Palestinians became refugees that year, in what is known as the “Nakba”, which is Arabic for catastrophe.
In the 1800s, a new nationalistic movement was born in Europe. Zionism was a political movement advocating the creation of a Jewish state. Many Jews believed having their own state was necessary in the face of discrimination and oppression by Europeans. After debating where to create this new state should exist at the First Zionist Congress in 1897, the Zionist movement decided to aim at creating their state in Palestine, which was then part of the Ottoman Empire. The sultan/caliph of the Ottoman Empire, Abdülhamid II, refused to accept this, even in the face of a 150 million British pound payment proposed by Theodor Herzl, the founder of the Zionist movement, in exchange for ownership of Palestine.